Congratulations on Halloween!
Happy holiday to you. We put on costumes and the street =)
Halloween is the eve of All Saints Day (the distorted Old English name from All hallow ees is the Mass of All Saints). The first two November days in the Catholic Church are dedicated to the memory of the departed: All Saints Day (November 1) and Commemoration Day of the departed (November 2) follow one after another. The holiday has deep pagan roots. About two thousand years ago, the Celtic tribes at this time celebrated the advent of the new year, on the eve of which the Sambain holiday was celebrated. This borderline time (transition to winter) was considered to be magical and mystical. According to legend, these days magical creatures of the side come to the world of people, often hostile to people. It was also believed that the souls of the dead that day return to their homes and require sacrificial food from the living. Around the same time (late October), the ancient Romans celebrated two holidays – Feralia, dedicated to the memory of the departed, and the days of Pomona, the goddess of the tree fruit. This coincidence of dates contributed to the preservation of the tradition of commemoration of the dead after the widespread spread of Christianity. The holiday has grown together in the popular consciousness with the church holiday. Thus appeared the All Saints Day, which is still celebrated by the Catholic Church on November 1. On this day, Catholics go to the cemetery, often with prayers and hymns, tidy the graves, put burning candles.
All Saints Day Eve – Halloween. The pagan ideas of sids in medieval Christian consciousness turned into ideas of evil spirits coming out that day to frighten the pious inhabitants. That is why Halloween was chosen by witches, who always had a Sabbath on this day. To scare away the spirits, a hollow pumpkin with eyes cut out and a mouth and a candle inside was displayed in the windows. The tradition has survived to this day. Children dress up in monster costumes and go to neighboring houses, scaring adults, and those to appease the little “ghosts” buy them sweets. Halloween – a carnival holiday of evil spirits – until recently, it was widely celebrated only in the USA and Canada, and now it is gaining more and more popularity in Europe and Russia. Several billion dollars are spent annually on this holiday in the United States. In the store you can buy almost everything you need: starting from a carnival costume and make-up, to draw blood on your face or make it deadly pale, to plastic skeletons and talking skulls. And of course, everywhere the most important attributes of this holiday are sold – orange pumpkins of different sizes. However, in the original homeland of the holiday, on the land of the Celts, on the eve of the first of November, these lamps were made from potatoes and turnips. According to legend, such a lamp was invented by the mean and cunning Irish blacksmith Jack, who managed to trick the devil twice and received a promise from him that the devil would not take his soul. However, Jack was not allowed into paradise for all his earthly sins. In anticipation of the Day of Judgment, the blacksmith was supposed to wander on the ground, lighting his way with a piece of coal – hence the name of the pumpkin lantern – Jack’s lantern. The ancient Celts had many rituals associated with this holiday. For example, in Ireland, where, in principle, the Halloween tradition was brought to the USA, on this day all the noble warriors of the Irish army of Fianna gathered in the main city of the country, the sacred Tara. To be on this holiday in Tara was a great success. The feast did not stop day or night.
Since the time of the Celts, the holiday has undergone various changes and additions. At first he was absorbed in Roman culture – after the Romans conquered Celtic territories in the first century AD. Then, already in the 9th century, the Pope postponed the celebration of All Saints Day – the feast of those saints who did not have their day for a year – from May to November 1. The day before – October 31 – in medieval English was called the “Evening of All Saints”, which later transformed into Halloween. Combining Christian and pagan holidays, the pope apparently hoped for the gradual eradication of pagan traditions. But the coincidence of dates led to a greater popularization of the holiday. At the same time, ideas about sids penetrating the world of people turned into ideas about evil spirits coming out that day to scare the townsfolk. In its modern form, a holiday in the United States came only in the 19th century thanks to emigrants from Europe and immediately gained popularity. The first big cities to celebrate Halloween in the 1920s were New York and Los Angeles. By the beginning of the 20th century, it was customary to arrange small outrages on Halloween in almost all cities of America – people broke glass, set fire to trees and scared each other in every possible way. Then the American scouts brought a tradition that replaced petty vandalism with masquerade and begging for sweets. Halloween events are held in Washington, DC. These are parties in nightclubs, and excursions to crypts and places with ghosts. “You’ve never seen a city like this before,” reads the advertising slogan for a tour of historic haunted places. The advertising poster depicts a headless woman in an old dress on a background of an old house. Those who are especially lucky will even be able to see President Lincoln’s ghost. They say that he can sometimes be found in the White House. Even the National Zoo, located in Washington, feels a Halloween atmosphere: a section is opened specially for the holiday, where you can see bats, owls, spiders and other animals that are associated with evil spirits. Halloween is one of the most fun holidays. which are associated with evil spirits. Halloween is one of the most fun holidays. which are associated with evil spirits. Halloween is one of the most fun holidays.
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